Thoughts on Punishment

  1. Free Will

    Far from being essential to our humanity, the belief in free will holds us back from being more humane and pragmatic.

  2. The New Jim Crow

    Institutional racism depends more on indifference than outright hostility.

  3. The House I Live In

    When a system persists despite repeated failure at its stated purpose, look at what it actually succeeds in doing to understand why it's allowed to endure.

  4. Rats and Cages

    Circumstance bears heavily on behavior.

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